The role of businesses in society has evolved over time, with an increasing focus on integrating social and environmental concerns into core operations. As the world grapples with pressing challenges like climate change, poverty, and inequality, businesses are increasingly moving beyond traditional philanthropy to develop innovative strategies that leverage technology and market-driven approaches for social impact. This article explores some of the key strategies businesses can adopt to address critical social issues and promote sustainable development.

Creating Shared Value

The concept of creating shared value (CSV) is a framework that encourages businesses to generate economic value by addressing social and environmental challenges. According to Michael Porter and Mark Kramer, who introduced the concept in their 2011 Harvard Business Review article, companies can create shared value through three primary ways: reconceiving products and markets, redefining productivity in the value chain, and enabling local cluster development.

For example, Unilever's Sustainable Living Plan aims to integrate sustainability into the company's value chain, with targets like reducing environmental impact, improving health and well-being, and enhancing livelihoods. By 2020, Unilever reported that its sustainable living brands grew 69% faster than the rest of their business.

Social Entrepreneurship and Impact Investing

Social entrepreneurship involves establishing businesses that focus on addressing social and environmental problems while remaining financially sustainable. These enterprises balance profit-making with positive societal impact. Impact investing, on the other hand, involves investors seeking to generate social and environmental benefits alongside financial returns.

According to the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN), the global impact investing market reached $715 billion in assets under management in 2020. Notable examples of social enterprises include Grameen Bank, which provides microloans to low-income individuals, and d.light, which offers affordable solar energy solutions to off-grid communities.

Embracing Circular Economy Principles

The circular economy is a sustainable model that focuses on designing waste out of the system, keeping products and materials in use, and regenerating natural systems. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation estimates that transitioning to a circular economy could generate $4.5 trillion in global economic growth by 2030.

Companies like Patagonia, the outdoor clothing and gear brand, have adopted circular economy principles by offering repair services for their products, promoting reuse, and utilizing recycled materials in production. Similarly, Interface, a global commercial flooring company, has implemented a closed-loop manufacturing process that uses recycled materials and minimizes waste.

Leveraging Technology for Social Good

Technology can play a significant role in addressing social and environmental challenges by offering innovative solutions and enhancing operational efficiency. For instance, blockchain technology can improve transparency in supply chains, while artificial intelligence can optimize energy consumption in buildings.

Companies like IBM have used technology to address social issues through their Corporate Service Corps program, which deploys teams of skilled professionals to work on projects related to education, healthcare, and economic development in developing countries.


Businesses have a crucial role to play in driving social change and promoting sustainable development. By adopting strategies like creating shared value, investing in social entrepreneurship, embracing circular economy principles, and leveraging technology, companies can move beyond traditional philanthropy and make a lasting positive impact on society. Collaborative efforts involving businesses, governments, and civil society are essential to address the critical social and environmental challenges of our time and build a more equitable and sustainable world.


Porter, M.E. and Kramer, M.R., 2011. Creating shared value. Harvard Business Review, 89(1/2), pp.62-77.

Unilever, 2020. Unilever reveals that its most sustainable brands delivered 69% of its growth in 2018. [online] Available at:

Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN), 2020. Annual Impact Investor Survey 2020. [online] Available at:

Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2015. Growth Within: A Circular Economy Vision for a Competitive Europe. [online] Available at:

Tagged in: